Todaiji. The largest wooden building in the world.
Todaiji Temple was built in the Nara period (710 - 794 AD) at the behest of Emperor Shomu (r.724 - 749). The temple was officially positioned as one many state-established provincial temples. However, since the chief object of worship of the temple is Vaiocana Buddha ("Buddha that shines throughout the world like the sun"), a magnificent temple was built to reflect this importance.
Todaiji Temple serves both as a place of prayer for peace and affluence on earth, as well as a centre of Buddhist doctrinal research. Over the centuries, Todaiji has produced many famous scholar priests.
Todaiji Temple was founded by Bishop Roben, and is to this day the Head Temple of the Kegon Sect of Buddhism. The chief object of worship is Vairocana Buddha, who also is the central Buddha in the Kegon Sutra. The statue of the Vairocana Buddha is made from cast bronze, which was then plated with gold. The statue was consecrated in 752, but was damaged and repaired several times during the following centuries. The current hands of the statue were made in the Momoyama period (1568 - 1615), and the head was made in de Edo period (1615 - 1867). The Great Buddha Hall was burned in the fires of was in 1180 and 1567, and the current building is actually the third generation structure, which was built in the Edo period. The width of the current building is approximately 33% smaller than that of the original structure, but it still ranks as the largest wooden structure in the world.
Frontage 57.01m, depth 50.48m and height 48.74m.